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Why We Can No Longer Ignore Consecutive Disasters

Ruiter, M. C. de; Couasnon, A.; den Homberg, M. J. C. van; Daniell, J. E. 1,2; Gill, J. C.; Ward, P. J.
1 Geophysikalisches Institut (GPI), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology (CEDIM), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract (englisch):

In recent decades, a striking number of countries have suffered from consecutive disasters: events whose impacts overlap both spatially and temporally, while recovery is still under way. The risk of consecutive disasters will increase due to growing exposure, the interconnectedness of human society, and the increased frequency and intensity of nontectonic hazard. This paper provides an overview of the different types of consecutive disasters, their causes, and impacts. The impacts can be distinctly different from disasters occurring in isolation (both spatially and temporally) from other disasters, noting that full isolation never occurs. We use existing empirical disaster databases to show the global probabilistic occurrence for selected hazard types. Current state‐of‐the art risk assessment models and their outputs do not allow for a thorough representation and analysis of consecutive disasters. This is mainly due to the many challenges that are introduced by addressing and combining hazards of different nature, and accounting for their interactions and dynamics. Disaster risk management needs to be more holistic and codesigned between researchers, policy makers, first responders, and companies.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000118841
Veröffentlicht am 05.05.2020
DOI: 10.1029/2019EF001425
Zitationen: 127
Web of Science
Zitationen: 107
Zitationen: 149
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Geophysikalisches Institut (GPI)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2328-4277
KITopen-ID: 1000118841
Erschienen in Earth's future
Verlag Wiley Open Access
Band 8
Heft 3
Seiten Art.No. 2019EF001425
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 06.01.2020
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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