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Determining realistic electrochemical stability windows of electrolytes for electrical double layer capacitors

Ruschhaupt, Peter; Pohlmann, Sebastian; Varzi, Alberto; Passerini, Stefano

Abstract:
Electrical double-layer capacitors are a key building block for energy storage applications, including renewable energies, wherever high power is needed. Most research on electrolytes in this field focuses on improving their electrochemical stability. This improves the energy density as it scales with the square of the maximum operative voltage. However, the decisive criteria to assess the electrochemical stability window of electrolytes are unclear. Consequently, new electrolyte candidates are often presented with unrealistic high stability windows and their performance is difficult to compare. In this Minireview, an overview of electrochemical stability window determination methods is presented. It is argued that constant voltage lifetime tests are needed to confirm the electrochemical stability window determined by any other method. Also, the importance of using realistic working electrodes, reference electrodes, and cycling protocols are highlighted. Finally, an industrial perspective on what is necessary to yield results relevant to applications is given.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000118876
Veröffentlicht am 30.04.2020
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1002/batt.202000009
Web of Science
Zitationen: 3
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2566-6223, 2566-6223
KITopen-ID: 1000118876
Erschienen in Batteries & supercaps
Verlag Wiley
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 10.03.2020
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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