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Molecular Characterization of Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Cardiac Neural Crest-Like Cells Revealed a Spatiotemporal Expression of an Mlc-3 Isoform

Schmitteckert, Stefanie; Ziegler, Cornelia; Rappold, Gudrun A.; Niesler, Beate; Rolletschek, Alexandra

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells represent a perfect model system for the investigation of early developmental processes. Besides their differentiation into derivatives of the three primary germ layers, they can also be differentiated into derivatives of the ‘fourth’ germ layer, the neural crest (NC). Due to its multipotency, extensive migration and outstanding capacity to generate a remarkable number of different cell types, the NC plays a key role in early developmental processes. Cardiac neural crest (CNC) cells are a subpopulation of the NC, which are of crucial importance for precise cardiovascular and pharyngeal glands’ development. CNC-associated malformations are rare, but always severe and life-threatening. Appropriate cell models could help to unravel underlying pathomechanisms and to develop new therapeutic options for relevant heart malformations. Methods: Murine ES cells were differentiated according to a mesodermal-lineage promoting protocol. Expression profiles of ES cell-derived progeny at various differentiation stages were investigated on transcript and protein level. Results: Comparative expression profiling of murine ES cell multilineage progeny versus undifferentiated ES cells confirmed differentiation into known cell derivatives of the three primary germ layers and provided evidence that ES cells have the capacity to differentiate into NC/CNC-like cells. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000118919
Veröffentlicht am 04.05.2020
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Biologische Grenzflächen (IBG)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2005-5447
KITopen-ID: 1000118919
Erschienen in International Journal of Stem Cells
Band 13
Heft 1
Seiten 65–79
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 30.03.2020
Schlagwörter Embryonic stem cells, Mice, Neural crest, Cell differentiation
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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