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Description of Polystyrenella longa gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from polystyrene particles incubated in the Baltic Sea

Peeters, Stijn H.; Wiegand, Sandra; Kallscheuer, Nicolai; Jogler, Mareike; Heuer, Anja; Jetten, Mike S. M.; Boedeker, Christian; Rohde, Manfred; Jogler, Christian

Abstract:
Planctomycetes occur in almost all aquatic ecosystems on earth. They have a remarkable cell biology, and members of the orders Planctomycetales and Pirellulales feature cell division by polar budding, perform a lifestyle switch from sessile to motile cells and have an enlarged periplasmic space. Here, we characterise a novel planctomycetal strain, Pla110$^{τ}$, isolated from the surface of polystyrene particles incubated in the Baltic Sea. After phylogenetic analysis, the strain could be placed in the family Planctomycetaceae. Strain Pla110$^{τ}$ performs cell division by budding, has crateriform structures and grows in aggregates or rosettes. The strain is a chemoheterotroph, grows under mesophilic and neutrophilic conditions, and exhibited a doubling time of 21 h. Based on our phylogenetic and morphological characterisation, strain Pla110$^{τ}$ (DSM 103387$^{τ}$ = LMG 29693$^{τ}$) is concluded to represent a novel species belonging to a novel genus, for which we propose the name Polystyrenella longa gen. nov., sp. nov.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000118922
Veröffentlicht am 22.05.2020
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1007/s10482-020-01406-5
Scopus
Zitationen: 1
Web of Science
Zitationen: 1
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Biologische Grenzflächen (IBG)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0003-6072, 1572-9699
KITopen-ID: 1000118922
HGF-Programm 47.02.05 (POF III, LK 01) Zellpopul.auf Biofunk.Oberflächen IBG-5
Erschienen in Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Verlag Springer
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 01.04.2020
Schlagwörter Marine bacteria, Planctomycetes, Planctomycetaceae, Marine biofilms, Microplastic particles
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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