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Interaction of atomic systems with quantum vacuum beyond electric dipole approximation

Kosik, M.; Burlayenko, O.; Rockstuhl, C. 1,2; Fernandez-Corbaton, I. ORCID iD icon 2; Słowik, K.
1 Institut für Theoretische Festkörperphysik (TFP), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


The photonic environment can significantly influence emission properties and interactions among atomic systems. In such scenarios, frequently the electric dipole approximation is assumed that is justified as long as the spatial extent of the atomic system is negligible compared to the spatial variations of the field. While this holds true for many canonical systems, it ceases to be applicable for more contemporary nanophotonic structures. To go beyond the electric dipole approximation, we propose and develop in this article an analytical framework to describe the impact of the photonic environment on emission and interaction properties of atomic systems beyond the electric dipole approximation. Particularly, we retain explicitly magnetic dipolar and electric quadrupolar contributions to the light-matter interactions. We exploit a field quantization scheme based on electromagnetic Green’s tensors, suited for dispersive materials. We obtain expressions for spontaneous emission rate, Lamb shift, multipole-multipole shift and superradiance rate, all being modified with dispersive environment. The considered influence could be substantial for suitably tailored nanostructured photonic environments, as demonstrated exemplarily.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000118967
Veröffentlicht am 18.05.2020
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-62629-0
Zitationen: 8
Zitationen: 10
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Institut für Theoretische Festkörperphysik (TFP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2045-2322
KITopen-ID: 1000118967
HGF-Programm 43.23.01 (POF III, LK 01) Advanced Optical Lithography+Microscopy
Erschienen in Scientific reports
Verlag Nature Research
Band 10
Heft 1
Seiten Article: 5879
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
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