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Towards Flexibility Trading at TSO-DSO-Customer Levels: A Review

Khajeh, Hosna; Laaksonen, Hannu; Gazafroudi, Amin Shokri; Shafie-khah, Miadreza

The serious problem of climate change has led the energy sector to modify its generation resources from fuel-based power plants to environmentally friendly renewable resources. However, these green resources are highly intermittent due to weather dependency and they produce increased risks of stability issues in power systems. The deployment of different flexible resources can help the system to become more resilient and secure against uncertainties caused by renewables. Flexible resources can be located at different levels in power systems like, for example, at the transmission-level (TSO), distribution-level (DSO) and customer-level. Each of these levels may have different structures of flexibility trading as well. This paper conducts a comprehensive review from the recent research related to flexible resources at various system levels in smart grids and assesses the trading structures of these resources. Finally, it analyzes the application of a newly emerged ICT technology, blockchain, in the context of flexibility trading.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000119069
Veröffentlicht am 06.05.2020
DOI: 10.3390/en13010165
Zitationen: 1
Web of Science
Zitationen: 2
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Automation und angewandte Informatik (IAI)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1996-1073
KITopen-ID: 1000119069
Erschienen in Energies
Verlag MDPI
Band 13
Heft 1
Seiten Art. Nr.: 165
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 30.12.2019
Schlagwörter flexibility, flexibility trading, flexible resources, blockchain technology
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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