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Structural dynamics of an iron molybdate catalyst under redox cycling conditions studied with in situ multi edge XAS and XRD

Gaur, Abhijeet 1,2; Stehle, Matthias 2; Raun, Kristian Viegaard; Thrane, Joachim; Jensen, Anker Degn; Grunwaldt, Jan-Dierk ORCID iD icon 1,2; Høj, Martin
1 Institut für Katalyseforschung und -technologie (IKFT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie (ITCP), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


The structural dynamics and phase transformations of an iron molybdate catalyst with excess molybdenum trioxide (Mo/Fe = 2.0) were studied during redox cycling of the catalyst using in situ multi-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) at the Mo K-edge (transmission mode) and Fe K-edge (fluorescence mode) in combination with X-ray diffraction (XRD). X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis showed that heating under reducing conditions with methanol up to 400 °C produced MoO2 and FeMoO4. Linear combination fitting (LCF) analysis showed that iron was reduced completely, while molybdenum remained partly oxidized (60% as Mo(VI)). Complementary in situ XRD also supported the phase transformation due to reduction of Fe2(MoO4)3 and MoO3 to FeMoO4 and MoO2. Subsequent heating under oxidative conditions from 200 to 500 °C transformed the catalyst into its initial state via Fe2O3 and extra MoO3 as intermediate phases. This underlines the segregation and iron enrichment during redox cycling. MoO3 volatilization, observed under industrial reaction conditions of a methanol and oxygen containing atmosphere, causes this segregation to be permanent. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000119403
Veröffentlicht am 16.06.2020
DOI: 10.1039/D0CP01506G
Zitationen: 15
Web of Science
Zitationen: 14
Zitationen: 15
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Katalyseforschung und -technologie (IKFT)
Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie (ITCP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1463-9076, 1463-9084
KITopen-ID: 1000119403
HGF-Programm 37.03.01 (POF III, LK 01) Catalysts and Mechanisms
Erschienen in Physical chemistry, chemical physics
Verlag Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Band 22
Heft 20
Seiten 11713-11723
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 05.05.2020
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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