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Calculation of the CO₂-solubility in thermal waters in the context of geothermal utilization: CO₂-bubble point analysis in thermal waters of the Büyük Menderes Graben

Goldberg, Valentin ORCID iD icon; Held, Sebastian; Siefert, Dorothee; Nitschke, Fabian; Kölbel, Thomas


Geothermal brines with high CO2-contents require special treatments during the production of geothermal energy. Released into the atmosphere, the high emissions can cause a worse environmental damage for geothermal energy than for energy derived by the usage of fossil fuels (Aksoy et al. 2015). Besides the environmental impact, the CO2 also negatively affects the performance of the condenser and the turbogenerator (Simsek et al. 2005). For a proper handling of the gases the thermodynamic properties must be determined. A relevant factor in this regard is the solubility of the CO2 in the liquid phase. The solubility of the gas phase thereby mainly depends on the pressure and temperature conditions, but also on the dissolved ions within the brine, and the composition of the vapor phase. Given this information, it is possible to determine the position in a geothermal well where the CO2 degasses from the liquid solution, the so-called bubble point. On the contrary for prevention of greenhouse gas emissions, an estimation of required power plant operation can be achieved.

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften (AGW)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 04.2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000119700
HGF-Programm 35.14.01 (POF III, LK 01) Effiziente Nutzung geothermisch. Energie
Erschienen in @SPEgermany
Band 29
Seiten 18-22
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