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Hydrogen refueling station networks for heavy-duty vehicles in future power systems

Rose, Philipp K.; Neumann, Fabian 1
1 Institut für Automation und angewandte Informatik (IAI), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


A potential solution to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the transport sector is to use alternatively fueled vehicles (AFV). Heavy-duty vehicles (HDV) emit a large share of GHG emissions in the transport sector and are therefore the subject of growing attention from global regulators. Fuel cell and green hydrogen technologies are a promising option to decarbonize HDVs, as their fast refueling and long vehicle ranges are consistent with current logistic operational requirements. Moreover, the application of green hydrogen in transport could enable more effective integration of renewable energies (RE) across different energy sectors. This paper explores the interplay between HDV Hydrogen Refueling Stations (HRS) that produce hydrogen locally and the power system by combining an infrastructure location planning model and an electricity system optimization model that takes grid expansion options into account. Two scenarios – one sizing refueling stations to support the power system and one sizing them independently of it – are assessed regarding their impacts on the total annual electricity system costs, regional RE integration and the levelized cost of hydrogen (LCOH). ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000119708
Veröffentlicht am 26.05.2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2020.102358
Zitationen: 66
Zitationen: 71
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Automation und angewandte Informatik (IAI)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 06.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1361-9209
KITopen-ID: 1000119708
HGF-Programm 37.06.01 (POF III, LK 01) Networks and Storage Integration
Erschienen in Transportation research / D
Verlag Elsevier
Band 83
Seiten Article no: 102358
Schlagwörter Alternative fuel vehicle, Heavy-duty vehicles, Fuel cell, Hydrogen refueling network, Electricity system modeling, Optimization, Sector coupling
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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