Within the so-called bioliq® process, renewable carbon resources, especially agricultural residues, are converted to gasoline. The process chain comprises pyrolysis of the feedstocks, gasification to synthesis gas, gas cleaning and conversion of synthesis gas to dimethyl ether (DME) followed by conversion of DME to hydrocarbons. Construction of all process units has been completed now and the entire plant has been successfully operated in several campaigns. Thus, hundreds of liters of a new alternative gasoline are available now, which allow for an extensive testing. The basic characteristics of the resulting bioliq®/100 fuel are described. It is rich in aromatics and a blend consisting of 90 Vol.−% of conventional RON95 E5 fuel and 10 Vol.−% of bioliq®/100, designated as bioliq®/10, has been produced which meets the DIN EN 228 standard. Initial measurements on a single cylinder research engine have been carried out focusing on efficiency and emissions. A comparison of bioliq®/10 with neat RON95 E5 revealed an improved knocking behavior of bioliq®/10 even by a small fraction of regenerative bioliq® fuel. Particle as well as hydrocarbon emissions from bioliq®/10 are significantly higher than in the case of RON95 E5. ... mehrIncreased particle emissions are attributed to the higher content of aromatics. Soot reactivity has been investigated and soot from bioliq®/10 exhibits higher reactivity than soot from RON95 E5.