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Model simulations of atmospheric methane (1997-2016) and their evaluation using NOAA and AGAGE surface and IAGOS-CARIBIC aircraft observations

Zimmermann, Peter H.; Brenninkmeijer, Carl A. M.; Pozzer, Andrea; Jöckel, Patrick; Winterstein, Franziska; Zahn, Andreas; Houweling, Sander; Lelieveld, Jos

Abstract (englisch):
Methane (CH4) is an important greenhouse gas, and its atmospheric budget is determined by interacting sources and sinks in a dynamic global environment. Methane observations indicate that after almost a decade of stagnation, from 2006, a sudden and continuing global mixing ratio increase took place. We applied a general circulation model to simulate the global atmospheric budget, variability, and trends of methane for the period 1997–2016. Using interannually constant CH4 a priori emissions from 11 biogenic and fossil source categories, the model results are compared with observations from 17 Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) surface stations and intercontinental Civil Aircraft for the Regular observation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrumented Container (CARIBIC) flights, with > 4800 CH4 samples, gathered on > 320 flights in the upper troposphere and lowermost stratosphere.

Based on a simple optimization procedure, methane emission categories have been scaled to reduce discrepancies with the observational data for the period 1997–2006. With this approach, the all-station mean dry air mole fraction of 1780 nmol mol−1 could be improved from an a priori root mean square deviation (RMSD) of 1.31 % to just 0.61 %, associated with a coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.79. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000119731
Veröffentlicht am 26.05.2020
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1680-7324
KITopen-ID: 1000119731
HGF-Programm 12.04.03 (POF III, LK 01) Stratospheric Ozone and Climate Change
Erschienen in Atmospheric chemistry and physics
Verlag European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Band 20
Heft 9
Seiten 5787–5809
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 14.05.2020
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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