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Dynamics of concurrent and sequential Central European and Scandinavian heatwaves

Spensberger, C.; Madonna, E.; Boettcher, M.; Grams, C. M.; Papritz, L.; Quinting, J. F.; Röthlisberger, M.; Sprenger, M.; Zschenderlein, P.

Abstract:
In both 2003 and 2018 a heatwave in Scandinavia in July was followed by a heatwave in Central Europe in August. Whereas the transition occurred abruptly in 2003, it was gradual in 2018 with a 12-day period of concurrent heatwaves in both regions. This study contrasts these two events in the context of a heatwave climatology to elucidate the dynamics of both concurrent and sequential heatwaves. Central European and, in particular, concurrent heatwaves are climatologically associated with weak pressure gradient (WPG) events over Central Europe, which indicate the absence of synoptic activity over this region. One synoptic pattern associated with such events is Scandinavian blocking. This pattern is at the same time conducive to heatwaves in Scandinavia, thereby providing a mechanism by which Scandinavian and Central European heatwaves can co-occur. Further, the association of WPG events with Scandinavian blocking constitutes a mechanism that allows heatwaves to grow beyond the perimeter of the synoptic system from which they emanated. A trajectory analysis of the source regions of the low-level air incorporated in the heatwaves indicates rapidly changing air mass sources throughout the heatwaves in both regions, but no recycling of heat from one heatwave to the other. ... mehr


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000119808
Veröffentlicht am 28.11.2021
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1002/qj.3822
Web of Science
Zitationen: 5
Dimensions
Zitationen: 6
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Forschungsbereich Troposphäre (IMK-TRO)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 10.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0035-9009, 1477-870X
KITopen-ID: 1000119808
HGF-Programm 12.01.02 (POF III, LK 01) Proc.res.f.multisc.predictab.of weather
Erschienen in Quarterly journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
Verlag John Wiley and Sons
Band 146
Heft 732
Seiten 2998-3013
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 16.05.2020
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Dimensions
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