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Tautonia plasticadhaerens sp. nov., a novel species in the family Isosphaeraceae isolated from an alga in a hydrothermal area of the Eolian Archipelago

Jogler, Christian; Wiegand, Sandra; Boedeker, Christian; Heuer, Anja; Peeters, Stijn H.; Jogler, Mareike; Jetten, Mike S. M.; Rohde, Manfred; Kallscheuer, Nicolai

Abstract:
A novel planctomycetal strain, designated ElP$^{T}$, was isolated from an alga in the shallow hydrothermal vent system close to Panarea Island in the Tyrrhenian Sea. Cells of strain ElP$^{T}$ are spherical, form pink colonies and display typical planctomycetal characteristics including division by budding and presence of crateriform structures. Strain ElP$^{T}$ has a mesophilic (optimum at 30 °C) and neutrophilic (optimum at pH 7.5) growth profile, is aerobic and heterotrophic. It reaches a generation time of 29 h (μ$_{max}$ = 0.024 h$^{-1}$). The strain has a genome size of 9.40 Mb with a G + C content of 71.1% and harbours five plasmids, the highest number observed in the phylumPlanctomycetes thus far. Phylogenetically, the strain represents a novel species of the recently described genus Tautonia in the family Isosphaeraceae. A characteristic feature of the strain is ist tendency to attach strongly to a range of plastic surfaces. We thus propose the name Tautonia plasticadhaerens sp. nov. for the novel species, represented by the type strain ElP$^{T}$ (DSM 101012$^{T}$ = LMG 29141$^{T}$).

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Postprint §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000120159
Veröffentlicht am 12.06.2020
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Biologische Grenzflächen (IBG)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0003-6072, 1572-9699
KITopen-ID: 1000120159
HGF-Programm 47.02.05 (POF III, LK 01)
Zellpopul.auf Biofunk.Oberflächen IBG-5
Erschienen in Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 12.05.2020
Schlagwörter Marine bacteria, Panarea, Biotic surfaces, Planctomycetes, Isosphaeraceae, Hydrothermal vent system
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Scopus
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