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Strain Dependence of Metal Anode Surface Properties

Stottmeister, Daniel; Groß, Axel 1
1 Center for Electrochemical Energy Storage Ulm & Karlsruhe (CELEST), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Dendrite growth poses a significant problem in the design of modern batteries as it can lead to capacity loss and short‐circuiting. Recently, it has been proposed that self‐diffusion barriers might be used as a descriptor for the occurrence of dendrite growth in batteries. As surface strain effects can modify dendritic growth, we present first‐principles DFT calculations of the dependence of metal self‐diffusion barriers on applied surface strain for a number of metals that are used as charge carriers in batteries. Overall, we find a rather small strain dependence of the barriers. We mainly attribute this to cancellation effects in the strain dependence of the initial and the transition states in diffusion.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000120251
Veröffentlicht am 18.06.2020
DOI: 10.1002/cssc.202000709
Zitationen: 11
Zitationen: 11
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Post Lithium Storage (POLiS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 19.06.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1864-5631, 1864-564X
KITopen-ID: 1000120251
Erschienen in ChemSusChem
Verlag Wiley-VCH Verlag
Band 13
Heft 12
Seiten 3147-3153
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 07.04.2020
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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