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Reciprocal effects between cognitive and affective states in women with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: An Ecological Momentary Assessment study

Beddig, Theresa; Reinhard, Iris; Ebner-Priemer, Ulrich; Kuehner, Christine

Abstract (englisch):
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) is characterized by cyclical mood changes resulting in clinically significant distress and functional impairment. Studies on momentary cognitive and affective states and their interplay during daily life over the menstrual cycle in affected women are still lacking. Using Ecological Momentary Assessment with electronic diaries, 61 women with current PMDD and 61 healthy control women reported their current mood, rumination, and self-acceptance eight times a day over two consecutive days per cycle phase (menstrual, follicular, ovulatory, and late luteal phase). Results revealed that women with PMDD showed significant increases in negative affect and rumination and decreases in positive affect and self-acceptance toward the end of the cycle. Lagged analyses demonstrated stronger within-person reciprocal effects of cognitions and mood in PMDD women compared to controls with the effect of rumination on subsequent negative affect being limited to the late luteal phase. Identified stronger prospective associations between cognitive processes and mood deteriorations in women with PMDD suggest that affected women are more sensitive to detrimental effects of either dimension. ... mehr



Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2020.103613
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 08.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0005-7967
KITopen-ID: 1000120585
Erschienen in Behaviour research and therapy
Band 131
Seiten 103613
Schlagwörter Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, Ambulatory assessment, Ecological momentary assessment, Rumination, Multilevel modeling, Lagged effects
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
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