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Studying global processing in autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder with gaze movements: The example of a copying task

Seernani, D.; Ioannou, C.; Damania, K.; Spindler, K.; Hill, H.; Foulsham, T.; Smyrnis, N.; Bender, S.; Fleischhaker, C.; Biscaldi, M.; Ebner-Priemer, Ulrich; Klein, C.

Abstract (englisch):
Recent discussions in the literature, along with the revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) (American Psychiatric Association 2013), suggest aetiological commonalities between the highly comorbid Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Addressing this discussion requires studying these disorders together by comparing constructs typical to each of them. In the present study, we investigate global processing, known to be difficult for participants with ASD, and Intra-Subject
Variability (ISV), known to be consistently increased in participants with ADHD, in
groups, aged 10–13 years, with ADHD (n = 25), ASD without comorbid ADHD (ASD-) (n = 13) and ASD with ADHD (ASD+) (n = 18) in comparison with a typically developing group (n = 22). A Copying task, typically requiring global processing and in this case particularly designed using equally complex stimuli to also measure ISV across trials, was selected. Oculomotor measures in this task proved to be particularly sensitive to group differences. While increased ISV was not observed in the present task in participants with ADHD, both ASD groups looked longer on the figure to be drawn, indicating that global processing takes longer in ASD. ... mehr

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Postprint §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000120586
Veröffentlicht am 30.06.2020
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224186
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1932-6203
KITopen-ID: 1000120586
Erschienen in PLOS ONE
Band 15
Heft 6
Seiten e0224186
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 04.06.2020
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
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