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Experimental Studies on Two-Layer Corium Heat Transfer in Light Water Reactor Lower Head in LIVE2D Facility

Gaus-Liu, Xiaoyang ORCID iD icon 1; Cron, Thomas 1; Fluhrer, Beatrix 1
1 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


In-vessel melt retention (IVMR) is a promising strategy in severe accident management for light water reactors. This strategy is not only adopted in the VVER 440 or AP600 reactors, but also included in higher-power reactors around 1000 MW(electric), like the AP1000 and Chinese CPR 1000. There is still a large uncertainty of IVMR by external cooling at powers higher than 1000 MW(electric), and especially where a thin metallic layer appears on the top of a heat-generating oxide layer. Less knowledge based on large-scale experiments is available until now of the interactive physical, chemical, and thermohydraulic processes between the oxide layer and the metallic layer. A test series of naturally separated two liquid layers was conducted in the upgraded LIVE2D test facility in Karlsruhe Institute of Technology using a nitrate salt mixture and high-temperature oil as the lower layer and upper layer simulant, respectively. The transparent front wall of the test vessel enables direct observation of global convection patterns of the melts and the response of the crust at the layer interface. The experiment reveals major thermohydraulic characteristics of the metallic layer during the transient and steady states. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000120877
Veröffentlicht am 14.09.2020
DOI: 10.1080/00295450.2020.1743102
Zitationen: 1
Web of Science
Zitationen: 1
Zitationen: 2
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Thermische Energietechnik und Sicherheit (ITES)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0029-5450, 1943-7471
KITopen-ID: 1000120877
HGF-Programm 32.02.11 (POF III, LK 01) Auslegungsüberschreitende Störfälle
Erschienen in Nuclear technology
Verlag American Nuclear Society (ANS)
Band 206
Heft 9
Seiten 1385-1396
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Technical Papers – Selected Papers from NURETH-18
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 24.06.2020
Schlagwörter In-vessel melt retention, LIVE2D, metallic layer, melt stratification, heat flux focusing effect
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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