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Precision Medicine in Oncology: In Vitro Drug Sensitivity and Resistance Test (DSRT) for Selection of Personalized Anticancer Therapy

Popova, Anna A.; Levkin, Pavel A. ORCID iD icon

Abstract:

Precision or personalized medicine aims to determine an optimal therapy for each individual patient. In oncology techniques such as next generation sequencing, mRNA-sequencing, ChIP-sequencing, and mass spectrometry are used to perform a full molecular profiling for each patient. However, it is not always possible to determine a suitable treatment for an individual cancer based on molecular profiling, mostly due to the high level of tumor heterogeneity. In vitro drug sensitivity and resistance test (DSRT) can be performed on cancer cells or tissues obtained from a patient with a panel of anticancer compounds in order to experimentally define sensitivity and resistance of each individual cancer. In combination with molecular profiling, DSRT can provide a fuller picture about the nature of disease, allowing for finding more appropriate therapy for each individual patient. In this progress report, studies describing in vitro DSRTs on 2D and 3D cell models based on patient-derived cells are reviewed and challenges and future steps needed for the adaptation of these systems in clinics are discussed.


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000120925
Veröffentlicht am 03.07.2020
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1002/adtp.201900100
Dimensions
Zitationen: 20
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Biologische und Chemische Systeme (IBCS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 02.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2366-3987, 2366-3987
KITopen-ID: 1000120925
HGF-Programm 47.01.01 (POF III, LK 01) Biol.Netzwerke u.Synth.Regulat. ITG+ITC
Erschienen in Advanced therapeutics
Verlag Wiley-VCH Verlag
Band 3
Heft 2
Seiten Article no: 1900100
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 16.01.2020
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