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Toward a cell-chemistry specific life cycle assessment of lithium-ion battery recycling processes

Mohr, M. 1; Peters, J. F.; Baumann, M. 1; Weil, M. 1
1 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


On the basis of a review of existing life cycle assessment studies on lithium‐ion battery recycling, we parametrize process models of state‐of‐the‐art pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical recycling, enabling their application to different cell chemistries, including beyond‐lithium batteries such as sodium‐ion batteries. These processes are used as benchmark for evaluating an advanced hydrometallurgical recycling process, which is modeled on the basis of primary data obtained from a recycling company, quantifying the potential reduction of environmental impacts that can be achieved by the recycling of different cell chemistries. Depending on the cell chemistry, recycling can reduce significantly the potential environmental impacts of battery production. The highest benefit is obtained via advanced hydrometallurgical treatment for lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide and lithium nickel cobalt aluminum oxide‐type batteries, mainly because of the recovery of cobalt and nickel. Especially under resource depletion aspects, recycling of these cells can reduce their impact to an extent that even leads to a lower “net impact” than that of cells made from majorly abundant and cheap materials like lithium iron phosphate, which shows a more favorable performance when recycling is disregarded. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000121331
Veröffentlicht am 03.11.2021
DOI: 10.1111/jiec.13021
Zitationen: 166
Web of Science
Zitationen: 142
Zitationen: 178
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS)
Post Lithium Storage (POLiS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 12.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1088-1980, 1530-9290
KITopen-ID: 1000121331
HGF-Programm 37.01.01 (POF III, LK 01) Fundamentals and Materials
Erschienen in Journal of industrial ecology
Verlag John Wiley and Sons
Band 24
Heft 6
Seiten 1310-1322
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 16.06.2020
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
Globale Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung Ziel 7 – Bezahlbare und saubere EnergieZiel 9 – Industrie, Innovation und InfrastrukturZiel 12 – Nachhaltiger Konsum und Produktion
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