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Caulifigura coniformis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family Planctomycetaceae isolated from a red biofilm sampled in a hydrothermal area

Kallscheuer, N.; Wiegand, S.; Boedeker, C.; Peeters, S. H.; Jogler, M.; Heuer, A.; Jetten, M. S. M.; Rohde, M.; Jogler, C.

Abstract:
Pan44$^{T}$, a novel strain belonging to the phylum Planctomycetes, was isolated from a red biofilm in a hydrothermal area close to the island Panarea in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily, Italy. The strain forms white colonies on solid medium and displays the following characteristics: cell division by budding, formation of rosettes, presence of matrix or fimbriae and long stalks. The cell surface has an interesting and characteristic texture made up of triangles and rectangles, which leads to a pine cone-like morphology of the strain. Strain Pan44$^{T}$ is mesophilic (temperature optimum 26 °C), slightly alkaliphilic (pH optimum 8.0), aerobic and heterotrophic. The strain has a genome size of 6.76 Mb with a G + C content of 63.2%. Phylogenetically, the strain is a member of the family Planctomycetaceae, order Planctomycetales, class Planctomycetia. Our analysis supports delineation of strain Pan44$^{T}$ from all known genera in this family, hence, we propose to assign it to a novel species within a novel genus, for which we propose the name Caulifigura coniformis gen. nov., sp. nov., represented by Pan44$^{T}$ (DSM 29405$^{T}$ = LMG 29788$^{T}$) as the type strain.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000122147
Veröffentlicht am 27.07.2020
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Biologische Grenzflächen (IBG)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0003-6072, 1572-9699
KITopen-ID: 1000122147
Erschienen in Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 24.06.2020
Schlagwörter Marine bacteria, Mediterranean Sea, Biotic surfaces, Planctomycetes, Panarea
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Scopus
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