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Eight Weeks Later - The Unprecedented Rise of 3D Printing during the COVID-19 Pandemic : a Case Study, Lessons Learned, and Implications on the Future of Global Decentralized Manufacturing

Mueller, Tobias; Elkaseer, Ahmed; Charles, Amal; Fauth, Janin; Rabsch, Dominik; Scholz, Amon; Marquardt, Clarissa; Nau, Katja; Scholz, Steffen G.

Abstract:
The eruption of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (corona virus disease, COVID-19) in Wuhan, China, and its global spread has led to an exponentially growing number of infected patients, currently exceeding over 6.6 million and over 390,000 deaths as of the 5th of June 2020. In this pandemic situation, health systems have been put under stress, and the demand for personal protective equipment (PPE) exceeded the delivery capabilities of suppliers. To address this issue, 3D printing was identified as a possible solution to quickly produce PPE items such as face shields, mask straps, masks, valves, and ear savers. Around the world, companies, universities, research institutions, and private individuals/hobbyists stepped into the void, using their 3D printers to support hospitals, doctors, nursing homes, and even refugee camps by providing them with PPE. In Germany, the makervsvirus movement took up the challenge and connected thousands of end users, makers, companies, and logistic providers for the production and supply of face shields, protective masks, and ear savers. The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) also joined the makervsvirus movement and used its facilities to print headbands for face shield assemblies and ear savers. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000122259
Veröffentlicht am 29.07.2020
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF)
Institut für Automation und angewandte Informatik (IAI)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2076-3417
KITopen-ID: 1000122259
HGF-Programm 43.22.03 (POF III, LK 01)
Printed Materials and Systems
Erschienen in Applied Sciences
Band 10
Heft 12
Seiten 4135
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 16.06.2020
Schlagwörter COVID-19; pandemic; 3D FFF printing; personal protective equipment (PPE); zero lead-time; customized mass production; quality assessment; makervsvirus
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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