Bed materials and their catalytic activity are two main parameters that affect the performance of the dual fluidized bed (DFB)
gasification system in terms of product gas composition and tar levels. Two sources of bed materials were used for the operation
of a commercial DFB gasification system in Thailand, using woodchips as a biomass feedstock. One source of the bed materials
was the calcined olivine which had been used in the Gussing Plant, Austria, and the other activated bed material was a mixture of
fresh Chinese olivine and used Austrian olivine with additives of biomass ash, calcium hydroxide and dolomite. These bed
materials were collected and analysed for morphological and chemical composition using a scanning electron microscopy
(SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF). The product gas was cleaned in a
scrubber to remove tars, from which the samples were collected for gravimetric tar analysis. Its composition data was automatically
recorded at the operation site before it entered the gas engine. From the SEM, EDS and XRF analyses, calcium-rich layers
around the bed materials were observed on the activated bed material. ... mehrThe inner layers of bed materials collected were homogeneous.
Biomass ash, which was generally added to the bed materials, had significant calcium and potassium content. These
calcium-rich layers of the bed materials, from the calcium hydroxide, biomass ash and dolomite, influenced system performance,
which was determined by observing lower tar concentration and higher hydrogen concentration in the product gas.