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Aerosol-optics model for the backscatter depolarisation ratio of mineral dust particles

Kahnert, M.; Kanngießer, F.; Järvinen, E. ORCID iD icon; Schnaiter, M. ORCID iD icon 1
1 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


The size-dependence of the linear depolarisation ratio of mineral dust aerosols is investigated. Laboratory measurements on 131 different aerosol samples with varying size distributions and mineralogical compositions are fitted with a homogeneous spheroid model. A minimum-bias and minimum-variance fit of the data is obtained for prolate model particles with a refractive index of 1.525+0.001i and an aspect ratio of 0.87. The model error is analysed by varying the input parameters to the light-scattering computations. It is found that the scattering of the measurements about the model can mainly be explained by variation of the morphology and dielectric properties, and to a much lesser extent by variation in the geometric standard deviation of the size distribution. The modelling of the data is extended by using size-shape distributions of spheroids. The results indicate that there is some freedom in choosing the best-fit weights of the shape-distribution of spheroids, which could potentially be useful when extending the model to multiple wavelengths, or to including additional optical parameters other than depolarisation. However, it is also found that the most reasonable fits of the data are obtained by mildly aspherical prolate and oblate spheroids, which limits the freedom of adjusting the best-fit weights.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000122736
Veröffentlicht am 28.08.2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2020.107177
Zitationen: 16
Zitationen: 22
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung Atmosphärische Aerosolforschung (IMKAAF)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 10.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0022-4073, 1879-1352
KITopen-ID: 1000122736
HGF-Programm 12.01.01 (POF III, LK 01) Clouds in a pertubed atmosphere
Erschienen in Journal of quantitative spectroscopy & radiative transfer
Verlag Elsevier
Band 254
Seiten Art. Nr.: 107177
Schlagwörter Atmospheric optics, Aerosol, Mineral dust, Depolarization
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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