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Pseudo-ternary LiBH$_{4}$–LiCl–P$_{2}$S$_{5}$ system as structurally disordered bulk electrolyte for all-solid-state lithium batteries

El Kharbachi, Abdelouahab; Wind, Julia; Ruud, Amund; Høgset, Astrid B.; Nygård, Magnus M.; Zhang, Junxian; Sørby, Magnus H.; Kim, Sangryun; Cuevas, Fermin; Orimo, Shin-ichi; Fichtner, Maximilian; Latroche, Michel; Fjellvåg, Helmer; Hauback, Bjørn C.

Abstract:
The properties of the mixed system LiBH$_{4}$–LiCl–P$_{2}$S$_{5}$ are studied with respect to all-solid-state batteries. The studied material undergoes an amorphization upon heating above 60 °C, accompanied with increased Li$^{+}$ conductivity beneficial for battery electrolyte applications. The measured ionic conductivity is ∼10$^{-3}$ S cm$^{-1}$ at room temperature with an activation energy of 0.40(2) eV after amorphization. Structural analysis and characterization of the material suggest that BH$_{4}$ groups and PS4 may belong to the same molecular structure, where Cl ions interplay to accommodate the structural unit. Thanks to its conductivity, ductility and electrochemical stability (up to 5 V, Au vs. Li$^{+}$/Li), this new electrolyte is successfully tested in battery cells operated with a cathode material (layered TiS$_{2}$, theo. capacity 239 mA h g$^{-1}$) and Li anode resulting in 93% capacity retention (10 cycles) and notable cycling stability under the current density ∼12 mA g$^{-1}$ (0.05C-rate) at 50 °C. Further advanced characterisation by means of operando synchrotron X-ray diffraction in transmission mode contributes explicitly to a better understanding of the (de)lithiation processes of solid-state battery electrodes operated at moderate temperatures.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000122920
Veröffentlicht am 26.08.2020
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1039/d0cp01334j
Scopus
Zitationen: 5
Web of Science
Zitationen: 4
Dimensions
Zitationen: 6
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1463-9076, 1463-9084
KITopen-ID: 1000122920
HGF-Programm 37.01.01 (POF III, LK 01) Fundamentals and Materials
Erschienen in Physical chemistry, chemical physics
Verlag Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Band 22
Heft 25
Seiten 13872–13879
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Scopus
Dimensions
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