The lateral heterogeneity of reservoir rocks is important to assess storage potential and permeability. This case study focusses on a Lower Triassic (upper Olenekian) outcrop of fluvial sandstones of the Plattensandstein Member (Röt Formation) near Röttbach in the southern part of the Germanic Basin, southern Germany. The Buntsandstein Group is considered a suitable reservoir for thermal storage or exploration in southern Germany. In the Röttbach Quarry, the >10 m thick lithic arkoses are exposed over 35 m laterally in three adjacent walls and consist of two units separated by an erosive surface. They are covered by several metres of the Lower Röt Claystone Member. Using sedimentological logging, spectral gamma ray-, porosity- and permeability measurements as well as petrographic analyses calculating compaction parameters, lateral reservoir quality differences are studied. Sedimentary structures in the multi-storey channels suggest a point bar deposit. The migration direction of the channels correlates with deteriorating reservoir quality. This reduction in porosity and permeability correlates with an increased detrital mica and authigenic illite content, the occurrence of rip-up clasts and a lateral increase of gamma ray signatures by 19 API (avg. ... mehr5.0 vol% K, 2.7 ppm U, 11.9 ppm Th). The occurrence of larger amounts of mica and clay minerals is linked to decreasing flow velocities throughout the evolution of a meandering system. They enhance compaction and reduce available intergranular pore space. Permeability laterally deteriorates by up to three orders of magnitude (48 to 0.02 mD, avg. 9 mD) while measured porosities show minor variability (11 to 19 %, avg. 16 %). The deterioration of reservoir quality is related to compactional (COPL 11 to 28 %, avg. 18 %) and cementational porosity loss (CEPL 13 to 29 %, avg. 22 %) and is mainly controlled by detrital mica and authigenic illite.