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Occupations and Inequality: Theoretical Perspectives and Mechanisms

Haupt, Andreas; Ebner, Christian

Abstract:
People’s occupations are strongly related to multiple dimensions of inequality, such as inequalities in wages, health, autonomy, or risk of temporary employment. The theories and mechanisms linking occupations to these inequalities are subject to debate. We review the recent evidence on the relationship between occupations and inequality and discuss the following four overarching theoretical perspectives: occupations and skills, occupations and tasks, occupations and institutions, and occupations and culture. We show that each perspective has strong implications for how scholars conceptualize occupations and which occupational characteristics are seen as relevant when explaining inequalities. Building on this, we review and critically examine the relevant theories related to and the mechanisms of the relationship between occupation and wage inequality, as an example. We conclude that there is sound empirical knowledge available on the relationships between occupations and inequality; however, some of the mechanisms are still unclear.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000123318
Veröffentlicht am 03.09.2020
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1007/s11577-020-00685-0
Scopus
Zitationen: 1
Web of Science
Zitationen: 1
Dimensions
Zitationen: 3
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Soziologie, Medien- und Kulturwissenschaft (ISMK)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0023-2653, 1861-891X
KITopen-ID: 1000123318
Erschienen in Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie
Verlag VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften
Band 72
Heft Suppl. 1
Seiten 19-40
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 24.07.2020
Schlagwörter Theory of occupations, Skills, Tasks, Occupation-specific mechanisms, Wage inequality
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Dimensions
Scopus
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