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An evaluation of tropical waves and wave forcing of the QBO in the QBOi models

Holt, Laura A.; Lott, François; Garcia, Rolando R.; Kiladis, George N.; Cheng, Yuan-Ming; Anstey, James A.; Braesicke, Peter 1; Bushell, Andrew C.; Butchart, Neal; Cagnazzo, Chiara; Chen, Chih-Chieh; Chun, Hye-Yeong; Kawatani, Yoshio; Kerzenmacher, Tobias ORCID iD icon 1; Kim, Young-Ha; McLandress, Charles; Naoe, Hiroaki; Osprey, Scott; Richter, Jadwiga H.; ... mehr

Abstract (englisch):

We analyze the stratospheric waves in models participating in phase 1 of the Stratosphere–troposphere Processes And their Role in Climate (SPARC) Quasi‐Biennial Oscillation initiative (QBOi). All models have robust Kelvin and mixed Rossby‐gravity wave modes in winds and temperatures at 50 hPa and represent them better than most of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) models. There is still some spread among the models, especially concerning the mixed Rossby‐gravity waves. We attribute the variability in equatorial waves among the QBOi models in part to the varying horizontal and vertical resolutions, to systematic biases in zonal winds, and to the considerable variability in convectively coupled waves in the troposphere among the models: only roughly half of the QBOi models have realistic convectively coupled Kelvin waves and only a few models have convectively coupled mixed Rossby‐gravity waves. The models with stronger convectively coupled waves tend to produce larger zonal mean forcing due to resolved waves in the QBO region. Finally we evaluate the Eliassen–Palm (EP) flux and EP flux divergence of the resolved waves in the QBOi models. ... mehr

DOI: 10.1002/qj.3827
Zitationen: 24
Web of Science
Zitationen: 23
Zitationen: 25
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Steinbuch Centre for Computing (SCC)
Universität Karlsruhe (TH) – Zentrale Einrichtungen (Zentrale Einrichtungen)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0035-9009, 1477-870X
KITopen-ID: 1000123565
HGF-Programm 12.04.03 (POF III, LK 01) Stratospheric Ozone and Climate Change
Weitere HGF-Programme 46.11.01 (POF III, LK 01) Computational Science and Mathematical Methods
Erschienen in Quarterly journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
Verlag John Wiley and Sons
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 18.05.2020
Schlagwörter equatorial waves, quasi‐biennial oscillation, wave–mean flow interaction
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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