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Flexible energy conversion and storage via high-temperature gas-phase reactions: The piston engine as a polygeneration reactor

Atakan, B.; Kaiser, S. A.; Herzler, J.; Porras, S. 1; Banke, K.; Deutschmann, O. ORCID iD icon 2; Kasper, T.; Fikri, M.; Schießl, R. 1; Schröder, D.; Rudolph, C.; Kaczmarek, D.; Gossler, H. 2; Drost, S. ORCID iD icon 1; Bykov, V. ORCID iD icon 1; Maas, U. 1; Schulz, C.
1 Institut für Technische Thermodynamik (ITT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie (ITCP), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Piston engines are typically considered devices converting chemical energy into mechanical power via internal combustion. But more generally, their ability to provide high-pressure and high-temperature conditions for a limited time means they can be used as chemical reactors where reactions are initiated by compression heating and subsequently quenched by gas expansion. Thus, piston engines could be “polygeneration” reactors that can flexibly change from power generation to chemical synthesis, and even to chemical-energy storage. This may help mitigating one of the main challenges of future energy systems – accommodating fluctuations in electricity supply and demand. Investments in devices for grid stabilization could be more economical if they have a second use.
This paper presents a systematic approach to polygeneration in piston engines, combining thermodynamics, kinetics, numerical optimization, engineering, and thermo-economics. A focus is on the fuel-rich conversion of methane as a fuel that is considered important for the foreseeable future. Starting from thermodynamic theory and kinetic modeling, promising systems are selected. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000123594
Veröffentlicht am 25.09.2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2020.110264
Zitationen: 30
Zitationen: 34
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie (ITCP)
Institut für Technische Thermodynamik (ITT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 11.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1364-0321, 1879-0690
KITopen-ID: 1000123594
Erschienen in Renewable & sustainable energy reviews
Verlag Elsevier
Band 133
Seiten Art. Nr.: 110264
Schlagwörter Polygeneration, Engine, HCCI, Kinetics, Thermodynamics, Methane
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
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