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On the Impact of the Degree of Fluorination on the ORR Limiting Processes within Iron Based Catalysts: A Model Study on Symmetrical Films of Barium Ferrate

Wollstadt, Stephan; Clemens, Oliver 1
1 Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


In this study, symmetrical films of BaFeO$_{2.67}$, BaFeO$_{2.33}$F$_{0.33}$ and BaFeO$_{2}$F were synthesized and the oxygen uptake and conduction was investigated by high temperature impedance spectroscopy under an oxygen atmosphere. The data were analyzed on the basis of an impedance model designed for highly porous mixed ionic electronic conducting (MIEC) electrodes. Variable temperature X-ray diffraction experiments were utilized to estimate the stability window of the oxyfluoride compounds, which yielded a degradation temperature for BaFeO$_{2.33}$F$_{0.33}$ of 590 °C and a decomposition temperature for BaFeO$_{2}$F of 710 °C. The impedance study revealed a significant change of the catalytic behavior in dependency of the fluorine content. BaFeO$_{2.67}$ revealed a bulk-diffusion limited process, while BaFeO$_{2.33}$F$_{0.33}$ appeared to exhibit a fast bulk diffusion and a utilization region δ larger than the electrode thickness L (8 μm). In contrast, BaFeO$_{2}$F showed very area specific resistances due to the lack of oxygen vacancies. The activation energy for the uptake and conduction process of oxygen was found to be 0.07/0.29 eV (temperature range-dependent), 0.33 eV and 0.67 eV for BaFeO$_{2.67}$, BaFeO$_{2.33}$F$_{0.33}$ and BaFeO$_{2}$F, respectively.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000123636
Veröffentlicht am 14.09.2020
DOI: 10.3390/ma13112532
Zitationen: 3
Zitationen: 3
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1996-1944
KITopen-ID: 1000123636
HGF-Programm 43.22.01 (POF III, LK 01) Functionality by Design
Erschienen in Materials
Verlag MDPI
Band 13
Heft 11
Seiten Art. Nr.: 2532
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 03.06.2020
Schlagwörter thin film fluorination, ORR catalysts, oxyfluorides, barium ferrate, impedance spectroscopy
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
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