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Impact of Nonplanar 3D Printing on Surface Roughness and Build Time in Fused Filament Fabrication

Elkaseer, Ahmed 1; Müller, Tobias 1; Rabsch, Dominik 1; Scholz, Steffen G. ORCID iD icon 1
1 Institut für Automation und angewandte Informatik (IAI), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Nonplanar 3D printing is a recently emerged approach to increase surface quality and part strength in additive manufacturing. In this paper, the impact of a nonplanar printing method utilized for the fused filament fabrication (FFF) technique on the resultant surface roughness of printed parts is presented. In particular, the influence of different inclination angles and part orientation on the obtainable surface quality was investigated by comparing a traditional planar printing strategy with a nonplanar finishing solution. A pyramidal geometry was utilized to assess the effect of inclination angle as well as part orientation and relative printhead movement on the surface characteristics. The results show a decrease in obtainable surface roughness for inclination angles up to 25°, while higher angles cause rougher surfaces when compared with results of planar 3D printing strategy. This can be explained by the way the nonplanar nozzle movements interact with previously deposited filament strands by deforming them due to the size of the nozzle and geometry of the 3D printed part. As a consequence, solutions for an improved nonplanar printing technique using Delta FFF printers are suggested that will be investigated in the future work.

DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-8131-1_26
Zitationen: 3
Zitationen: 3
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Automation und angewandte Informatik (IAI)
Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF)
Publikationstyp Proceedingsbeitrag
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISBN: 978-981-15-8130-4
ISSN: 2190-3018, 2190-3026
KITopen-ID: 1000123922
HGF-Programm 43.22.03 (POF III, LK 01) Printed Materials and Systems
Weitere HGF-Programme 49.01.12 (POF III, LK 02) 3D Printing
Erschienen in Sustainable Design and Manufacturing 2020 – Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Sustainable Design and Manufacturing (KES-SDM 2020), 9-11 September 2020. Ed.: S. Scholz
Verlag Springer
Seiten 285–295
Serie Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies ; 200
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Die Veranstaltung fand wegen der Corona-Pandemie als Online-Event statt.
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 11.09.2020
Schlagwörter Proposal ID: 2020-024 028929; 3DP
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
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