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Wandering minds in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and borderline personality disorder

Moukhtarian, Talar R.; Reinhard, Iris; Morillas-Romero, Alfonso; Ryckaert, Celine; Mowlem, Florence; Bozhilova, Natali; Moran, Paul; Ebner-Priemer, Ulrich; Asherson, Philip

Abstract (englisch):
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) have overlapping symptoms. We proposed that excessive spontaneous mind wandering (MW-S) might reflect a component of psychopathology that distinguishes ADHD from BPD. Using a questionnaire measure of MW-S and an experience sampling method, we investigated MW-S in daily life, in 28 ADHD, 19 BPD, 22 comorbid ADHD+BPD, and 29 control females. The clinical groups reported heightened frequency and intensity of MW-S compared to controls, but no differences from each other. When controlling for depression and anxiety, significant differences only persisted between controls and ADHD, who also showed elevated intensity of MW-S compared to BPD and comorbid ADHD+BPD. We found no MW-S instability differences amongst clinical cases as well as cases versus controls. Negative content of MW-S was higher in BPD and comorbid ADHD+BPD compared to controls, with no differences between ADHD and controls. When controlling for depression/anxiety, the differences between BPD and comorbid ADHD+BPD and controls dissipated. MW-S is a trans-diagnostic process present in both ADHD and BPD. ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 09.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0924-977X
KITopen-ID: 1000123943
Erschienen in European neuropsychopharmacology
Band 38
Seiten 98–109
Schlagwörter Mind wanderingAttention-deficit/hyperactivity disorderBorderline personality disorderExperience sampling method
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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