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Environmental Sustainability Assessment of Multi-Sectoral Energy Transformation Pathways: Methodological Approach and Case Study for Germany

Junne, Tobias; Simon, Sonja; Buchgeister, Jens; Saiger, Maximilian; Baumann, Manuel; Haase, Martina; Wulf, Christina; Naegler, Tobias

Abstract:
In order to analyse long-term transformation pathways, energy system models generally focus on economical and technical characteristics. However, these models usually do not consider sustainability aspects such as environmental impacts. In contrast, life cycle assessment enables an extensive estimate of those impacts. Due to these complementary characteristics, the combination of energy system models and life cycle assessment thus allows comprehensive environmental sustainability assessments of technically and economically feasible energy system transformation pathways. We introduce FRITS, a FRamework for the assessment of environmental Impacts of Transformation Scenarios. FRITS links bottom-up energy system models with life cycle impact assessment indicators and quantifies the environmental impacts of transformation strategies of the entire energy system (power, heat, transport) over the transition period. We apply the framework to conduct an environmental assessment of multi-sectoral energy scenarios for Germany. Here, a ‘Target’ scenario reaching 80% reduction of energy-related direct CO2 emissions is compared with a ‘Reference’ scenario describing a less ambitious transformation pathway. ... mehr


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000125192
Veröffentlicht am 23.10.2020
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.3390/su12198225
Scopus
Zitationen: 5
Dimensions
Zitationen: 6
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS)
Post Lithium Storage (POLiS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 06.10.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2071-1050
KITopen-ID: 1000125192
HGF-Programm 36.02.02 (POF III, LK 01) Energy-Resources, Technologies, Systems
Erschienen in Sustainability
Verlag MDPI
Band 12
Heft 19
Seiten Art.-Nr. 8225
Schlagwörter energy system modelling; energy scenario; environmental impact assessment; life cycle assessment
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Dimensions
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