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Results of the International Energy Agency Bioenergy Round Robin on the Analysis of Heteroatoms in Biomass Liquefaction Oils

Bulsink, Philip; De Miguel Mercader, Ferran; Sandström, Linda; Van de Beld, Bert; Preto, Fernando; Zacher, Alan; Oasmaa, Anja; Dahmen, Nicolaus; Funke, Axel; Bronson, Benjamin

Abstract:
A round robin study evaluating the analysis of biomass liquefaction oils (BLOs) from fast pyrolysis and hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) was performed, receiving data from 14 laboratories in seven countries in order to assess the current status of analytical techniques for the determination of nitrogen, sulfur, and chlorine content in BLOs and to evaluate potential differences in origin (i.e., fast pyrolysis versus HTL). The BLOs were produced from a range of feedstocks including pine, mixed softwoods, forest residues, microalgae, miscanthus, and wheat straw to cover a variety in nitrogen, sulfur, and chlorine content and speciation. Nine samples were distributed, comprised of eight separate BLOs and one blind duplicate produced by five producers. The samples were analyzed for water, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulfur, and chlorine content. No analytical test method was mandated; laboratories were encouraged to utilize whichever method they determined would be most applicable, relying on the existing body of BLO literature as a guide. The results of this round robin study are presented in this paper. The results of the carbon, hydrogen, and water measurements as reference analyses had relative standard deviations (2.9, 3.5, and 5.6%, respectively) that were comparable to those found in past round robin studies on fast pyrolysis bio-oil. ... mehr



Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.0c02090
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Katalyseforschung und -technologie (IKFT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 09.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0887-0624, 1520-5029
KITopen-ID: 1000125195
HGF-Programm 35.13.02 (POF III, LK 01)
Konversion
Erschienen in Energy & fuels
Band 34
Heft 9
Seiten 11123–11133
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 06.08.2020
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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