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(How) Does Affect Influence the Formation of Habits in Exercise?

Weyland, Susanne; Finne, Emily; Krell-Roesch, Janina; Jekauc, Darko

Abstract (englisch):
Objectives: Habitually instigated exercise is thought to increase health behavior maintenance. Previous research has explored several aspects of habit formation. However, there is a lack of longitudinal research investigating affective determinants, especially post-exercise affective states. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate (a) if behavior frequency will enhance automaticity, (b) if positive affect will enhance automaticity, and (c) if positive affect will moderate the relationship between behavior frequency and automaticity.

Methods: 226 participants (64% females, mean age 24 years) who attended weekly sports and gym classes at two universities were followed for 13 weeks. Class attendance was documented on a weekly basis (behavior frequency) during the semester. Before, during and immediately after each class, participants filled in the Feeling Scale (affective valence). Furthermore, at the beginning of each class, they answered a question about their automaticity in arriving at the decision to attend the class (instigation habit). We used a two-level modeling approach to predict subsequent automaticity by the different constructs at the previous attendance.
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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000125255
Veröffentlicht am 23.10.2020
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.578108
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1664-1078
KITopen-ID: 1000125255
Erschienen in Frontiers in psychology
Band 11
Seiten Article no: 578108
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 23.10.2020
Schlagwörter physical activity, exercise, behavior change, behavior maintenance, habit formation, automaticity, affect
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