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Tailored bainitic-martensitic microstructures by means of inductive surface hardening for AISI4140

Mühl, F. 1; Jarms, J. 1; Kaiser, D. 1; Dietrich, S. ORCID iD icon 1; Schulze, V. 1
1 Institut für Angewandte Materialien – Werkstoffkunde (IAM-WK), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Inductive surface hardening processes are widely used in the manufacturing of automotive parts. They combine short process times with high economic and energy efficiency. Because of their high surface hardness, induction hardened steel parts feature beneficial wear resistance and also good fatigue properties due to the induced compressive residual stresses in the surface. Considering the positive effects on the mechanical properties by creating a bainitic-martensitic microstructure, outlined by severel authors, this study includes the implementation of a temperature controlled inductive surface hardening process on a conventional hardening machine. Therefore an innovative inductor design, which allows a controlled sample cooling is presented. Supported by dilatometric studies as well as different heat treatment strategies, limitations are identified to gain a profund process understanding. Hereby an accelerated bainite formation after short time austenitization is detected. By using different heat treatment strategies, the fraction of the bainitic phase can be adjusted in the surface of the part made of AISI 4140. The results of this innovative heat treatment method are compared to short time inductive hardening and tempering processes regarding microstructure, hardness and residual stresses. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000125377
Veröffentlicht am 28.10.2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2020.108964
Zitationen: 12
Web of Science
Zitationen: 11
Zitationen: 11
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien – Werkstoffkunde (IAM-WK)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 10.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0264-1275
KITopen-ID: 1000125377
Erschienen in Materials and design
Verlag Elsevier
Band 195
Seiten Art.Nr. 108964
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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