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Two-Step Laser Post-Processing for the Surface Functionalization of Additively Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V Parts

Solheid, Juliana S. 1; Wunsch, Torsten 2; Trouillet, Vanessa 1; Weigel, Simone 3; Scharnweber, Tim ORCID iD icon 3; Seifert, Hans Jürgen 1; Pfleging, Wilhelm ORCID iD icon 1
1 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Mikroverfahrenstechnik (IMVT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
3 Institut für Biologische Grenzflächen (IBG), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) is one of the additive manufacturing methods used
to build metallic parts. To achieve the design requirements, the LPBF process chain can become
long and complex. This work aimed to use dierent laser techniques as alternatives to traditional
post-processes, in order to add value and new perspectives on applications, while also simplifying the
process chain. Laser polishing (LP) with a continuous wave laser was used for improving the surface
quality of the parts, and an ultrashort pulse laser was applied to functionalize it. Each technique,
individually and combined, was performed following distinct stages of the process chain. In addition
to removing asperities, the samples after LP had contact angles within the hydrophilic range.
In contrast, all functionalized surfaces presented hydrophobicity. Oxides were predominant on
these samples, while prior to the second laser processing step, the presence of TiN and TiC was
also observed. The cell growth viability study indicated that any post-process applied did not
negatively aect the biocompatibility of the parts. The presented approach was considered a suitable
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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000125508
Veröffentlicht am 30.08.2022
DOI: 10.3390/ma13214872
Zitationen: 5
Zitationen: 7
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien – Angewandte Werkstoffphysik (IAM-AWP)
Institut für Angewandte Materialien – Energiespeichersysteme (IAM-ESS)
Institut für Biologische Grenzflächen (IBG)
Institut für Mikroverfahrenstechnik (IMVT)
Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1996-1944
KITopen-ID: 1000125508
HGF-Programm 37.01.02 (POF III, LK 01) Components and Cells
Weitere HGF-Programme 49.02.07 (POF III, LK 02) XPS
Erschienen in Materials
Verlag MDPI
Band 13
Heft 21
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 4872
Projektinformation PAM^2 (EU, H2020, 721383)
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Materials Processing
Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Schlagwörter laser powder bed fusion (LPBF), post-processing, KNMF Project ID 2017-018-019629 LMP, laser polishing, ultrafast laser, surface functionalization
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
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