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Use of Carbon Additives towards Rechargeable Zinc Slurry Air Flow Batteries

Choi, Nak Heon 1; Olmo, Diego del; Milian, Diego; El Kissi, Nadia; Fischer, Peter; Pinkwart, Karsten; Tübke, Jens 1
1 Institut für Mechanische Verfahrenstechnik und Mechanik (MVM), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


The performance of redox flow batteries is notably influenced by the electrolyte, especially in slurry-based flow batteries, as it serves as both an ionic conductive electrolyte and a flowing electrode. In this study, carbon additives were introduced to achieve a rechargeable zinc slurry flow battery by minimizing the zinc plating on the bipolar plate that occurs during charging. When no carbon additive was present in the zinc slurry, the discharge current density was 24 mA∙cm$^{-2}$ at 0.6 V, while the use of carbon additives increased it to up to 38 mA∙cm$^{-2}$. The maximum power density was also increased from 16 mW∙cm$^{-2}$ to 23 mW∙cm$^{-2}$. Moreover, the amount of zinc plated on the bipolar plate during charging decreased with increasing carbon content in the slurry. Rheological investigation revealed that the elastic modulus and yield stress are directly proportional to the carbon content in the slurry, which is beneficial for redox flow battery applications, but comes at the expense of an increase in viscosity (two-fold increase at 100 s$^{-1}$). These results show how the use of conductive additives can enhance the energy density of slurry-based flow batteries.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000125597
Veröffentlicht am 03.11.2020
DOI: 10.3390/en13174482
Zitationen: 8
Web of Science
Zitationen: 8
Zitationen: 9
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Mechanische Verfahrenstechnik und Mechanik (MVM)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1996-1073
KITopen-ID: 1000125597
Erschienen in Energies
Verlag MDPI
Band 13
Heft 17
Seiten Art.Nr. 4482
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 31.08.2020
Schlagwörter zinc slurry air flow battery; redox flow battery; zinc-air battery; carbon additives; rheology
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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