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The effect of equal-channel angular pressing on microstructure, mechanical properties, and biodegradation behavior of magnesium alloyed with silver and gadolinium

Straumal, Boris 1; Martynenko, N.; Temralieva, D.; Serebryany, V.; Tabachkova, N.; Shchetinin, I.; Anisimova, N.; Kiselevskiy, M.; Kolyanova, A.; Raab, G.; Willumeit-Römer, R.; Dobatkin, S.; Estrin, Y.
1 Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


The effect of equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) on the microstructure, texture, mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance of the alloys Mg-6.0%Ag and Mg-10.0%Gd was studied. It was shown that ECAP leads to grain refinement of the alloys down to the average grain size of 2–3 μm and 1–2 μm, respectively. In addition, in both alloys the precipitation of fine particles of phases Mg$_{54}$Ag$_{17}$ and Mg$_{5}$Gd with sizes of ~500–600 and ~400–500 nm and a volume fraction of ~9% and ~8.6%, respectively, was observed. In the case of the alloy Mg-6.0%Ag, despite a significant grain refinement, a drop in the strength characteristics and a nearly twofold increase in ductility (up to ~30%) was found. This behavior is associated with the formation of a sharp inclined basal texture. For alloy Mg-10.0%Gd, both ductility and strength were enhanced, which can be associated with the combined effect of significant grain refinement and an increased probability of prismatic and basal glide. ECAP was also shown to cause a substantial rise of the biodegradation rate of both alloys and an increase in pitting corrosion. The latter effect is attributed to an increase in the dislocation density induced by ECAP and the occurrence of micro-galvanic corrosion at the matrix/particle interfaces.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000125669
Veröffentlicht am 05.11.2020
DOI: 10.3390/cryst10100918
Zitationen: 9
Web of Science
Zitationen: 9
Zitationen: 8
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2073-4352
KITopen-ID: 1000125669
HGF-Programm 43.22.01 (POF III, LK 01) Functionality by Design
Erschienen in Crystals
Verlag MDPI
Band 10
Heft 10
Seiten 1-17
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 10.10.2020
Schlagwörter biomedical materials; magnesium alloys; equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP); microstructure; X-ray diffraction (XRD); texture; mechanical properties; biodegradation
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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