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Assessing Restoration Potential of Fragmented and Degraded Fagaceae Forests in Meghalaya, North-East India

Singh, Prem Prakash; Chakraborty, Tamalika; Dermann, Anna; Dermann, Florian; Adhikari, Dibyendu; Gurung, Purna B.; Barik, Saroj Kanta; Bauhus, Jürgen; Fassnacht, Fabian Ewald ORCID iD icon 1; Dey, Daniel C.; Rösch, Christine 2; Saha, Somidh 2
1 Institut für Geographie und Geoökologie (IFGG), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


The montane subtropical broad-leaved humid forests of Meghalaya (Northeast India) are highly diverse and situated at the transition zone between the Eastern Himalayas and Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspots. In this study, we have used inventory data from seedlings to canopy level to assess the impact of both biotic and abiotic disturbances on structure, composition, and regeneration potential of the Fagaceae trees of these forests. Fagaceae trees are considered as the keystone species in these forests due to their regional dominance and their importance as a fuel wood source, and also because they form an important component of climax community in these forests. Unfortunately, these forests are highly degraded and fragmented due to anthropogenic disturbances. We have assessed, for the first time, the restoration potential (i.e., capacity to naturally regenerate and sustain desired forest structure) of Fagaceae species in the genera Lithocarpus Blume, Castanopsis (D. Don) Spach, and Quercus Linn. We also evaluated how biotic and abiotic factors, as well as anthropogenic disturbances, influence the restoration potential of these species in six fragmented forest patches located along an elevational gradient on south-facing slopes in the Khasi Hills, Meghalaya. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000125682
Veröffentlicht am 04.11.2020
DOI: 10.3390/F11091008
Zitationen: 11
Web of Science
Zitationen: 9
Zitationen: 10
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Geographie und Geoökologie (IFGG)
Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1999-4907
KITopen-ID: 1000125682
Erschienen in Forests
Verlag MDPI
Band 11
Heft 9
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 1008
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 19.09.2020
Schlagwörter species composition; fagaceae; keystone; restoration potential; anthropogenic disturbance; fragmented forests; sprouting
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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