Syngas, the product of biomass gasification, can play an important role in moving towards the production of renewable chemical commodities, by using acetogenic bacteria to ferment those gaseous mixtures. Due to the complex and changing nature of biomass, the composition and the impurities present in the final biomass-derived syngas will vary. Because of this, it is important to assess the impact of these factors on the fermentation outcome, in terms of yields, productivity, and product formation and ratio. In this study, Clostridium ljungdahlii was used in a fed-batch fermentation system to analyze the effect of three different biomass-derived syngases, and to compare them to equivalent, clean syngas mixtures. Additionally, four other clean syngas mixtures were used, and the effects on product ratio, productivity, yield, and growth were documented. All biomass-derived syngases were suitable to be used as substrates, without experiencing any complete inhibitory effects. From the obtained results, it is clear that the type of syngas, biomass-derived or clean, had the greatest impact on product formation ratios, with all biomass-derived syngases producing more ethanol, albeit with lesser total productivity.