This study focuses on the formation and detachment of a leading edge vortex (LEV) appearing on an airfoil when its effective angle of attack is dynamically changed, inducing additional forces and moments on the airfoil. Experimental measurements of the time-resolved velocity field using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) are complemented by a computational study using an URANS (Unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes) framework. In this framework a transition-sensitive Reynolds-stress model of turbulence, proposed by Maduta et al. (2018), which combines the near-wall Reynolds-Stress model by Jakirlic and Maduta (2015) and a phenomenological transition model governing the pre-turbulent kinetic energy by Walters and Cokljat (2008), is employed. Combined pitching and plunging kinematics of the investigated flat plate airfoil enable the effective inflow angle to be arbitrarily prescribed. A qualitative assessment of flow fields and a quantitative comparison of LEV characteristics in terms of its center position and circulation as well as an investigation of the mechanism causing the vortex to stop accumulating circulation revealed close agreement between the experimental and simulation results. ... mehrFurther considerations of the lift contribution from the pressure and suction side of the airfoil to the overall lift indicates that the qualitative lift evolution is reproduced even if the pressure side contribution is neglected. This reveals important characteristics of such airfoil dynamics, which can be exploited in future experimental studies, where direct aerodynamic force and moment measurements are greatly inhibited by dominating inertial forces.