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Nocardia macrotermitis sp. nov. and Nocardia aurantia sp. nov., isolated from the gut of the fungus-growing termite Macrotermes natalensis

Benndorf, R.; Schwitalla, J. W.; Martin, K.; De Beer, Z. W.; Vollmers, John; Kaster, Anne-Kristin; Poulsen, M.; Beemelmanns, C.

Abstract:
The taxonomic positions of two novel aerobic, Gram-stain-positive Actinobacteria, designated RB20$^{T}$ and RB56$^{T}$, were determined using a polyphasic approach. Both were isolated from the fungus-farming termite Macrotermes natalensis. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that both strains are members of the genus Nocardia with the closest phylogenetic neighbours Nocardia miyunensis JCM12860$^{T}$ (98.9 %) and Nocardia nova DSM44481$^{T}$ (98.5 %) for RB20$^{T}$ and Nocardia takedensis DSM 44801$^{T}$ (98.3 %), Nocardia pseudobrasiliensis DSM 44290$^{T}$ (98.3 %) and Nocardia rayongensis JCM 19832$^{T}$ (98.2 %) for RB56$^{T}$. Digital DNA–DNA hybridization (DDH) between RB20$^{T}$ and N. miyunensis JCM12860$^{T}$ and N. nova DSM 44481$^{T}$ resulted in similarity values of 33.9 and 22.0 %, respectively. DDH between RB56$^{T}$ and N. takedensis DSM44801$^{T}$ and N. pseudobrasiliensis DSM44290$^{T}$ showed similarity values of 20.7 and 22.3 %, respectively. In addition, wet-lab DDH between RB56$^{T}$ and N. rayongensis JCM19832$^{T}$ resulted in 10.2 % (14.5 %) similarity. Both strains showed morphological and chemotaxonomic features typical for the genus Nocardia , such as the presence of meso-diaminopimelic acid (A$_{2}$pm) within the cell wall, arabinose and galactose as major sugar components within whole cell-wall hydrolysates, the presence of mycolic acids and major phospholipids (diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol), and the predominant menaquinone MK-8 (H4, ω-cyclo). ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000126047
Veröffentlicht am 12.11.2020
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Biologische Grenzflächen (IBG)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0020-7713, 0096-266X, 1070-6259, 1465-2102, 1466-5026, 1466-5034, 2331-3730
KITopen-ID: 1000126047
Erschienen in International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
Band 70
Heft 10
Seiten 5226-5234
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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