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Calming Effects of Touch in Human, Animal, and Robotic Interaction—Scientific State-of-the-Art and Technical Advances

Eckstein, Monika; Mamaev, Ilshat; Ditzen, Beate; Sailer, Uta

Abstract (englisch):
Small everyday gestures such as a tap on the shoulder can affect the way humans feel and act. Touch can have a calming effect and alter the way stress is handled, thereby promoting mental and physical health. Due to current technical advances and the growing role of intelligent robots in households and healthcare, recent research also addressed the potential of robotic touch for stress reduction. In addition, touch by non-human agents such as animals or inanimate objects may have a calming effect. This conceptual article will review a selection of the most relevant studies reporting the physiological, hormonal, neural, and subjective effects of touch on stress, arousal, and negative affect. Robotic systems capable of non-social touch will be assessed together with control strategies and sensor technologies. Parallels and differences of human-to-human touch and human-to-non-human touch will be discussed. We propose that, under appropriate conditions, touch can act as (social) signal for safety, even when the interaction partner is an animal or a machine. We will also outline potential directions for future research and clinical relevance. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000126104
Veröffentlicht am 13.11.2020
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.555058
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Anthropomatik und Robotik (IAR)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1664-0640
KITopen-ID: 1000126104
Erschienen in Frontiers in psychiatry
Band 11
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 555058
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 04.11.2020
Schlagwörter robotic touch, tactile sensing, human-robot interaction
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