Authigenic quartz cementation and chemical compaction can have a deteriorating effect on the flow properties of potential reservoirs. The prediction of reservoir quality in sandstones can depend on grain coat coverage, authigenic cement types, and on the time exposed to various temperatures and thus the subsidence history. The deterioration of a reservoir due to compaction and cementation can thus be modeled and predicted (Busch et al. (2018); Lander and Bonell (2010); Lander et al. (2008)). Based on a Rotliegend case study from two wells (5200-5500 m) in Northern Germany, we present a workflow to assess porosity-permeability trends in siliciclastic reservoir rocks.
55 thin sections were sampled from core material to quantify the porosity, mineralogy, quartz cementation and grain coating coverage. The porosity and permeability of related core plugs was measured to obtain reservoir-related flow data. The modeled subsidence history of the reservoir plays an important role to predict the amount of cementation (Busch et al. (2018); Becker et al. (2017)).
Our samples mainly consist of sublitharenites, feldspathic litharenites and litharenites after Folk (1980). ... mehrBesides mechanical compaction, pore-occluding authigenic quartz and chemical compaction are two primary factors that deteriorate reservoir quality. Continuous illite grain coatings inhibit quartz cementation and thus preserve porosity. Helium porosities range from 0.6% - 14.5%, and are highest in samples with most continuous illite grain coatings (>75% grain coating coverage). Chemical compaction was observed to occur more frequently if tangential illite was present on contacts between detrital grains (see Kristiansen et al., 2011). Permeability (0.009 mD - 780 mD) is mainly reduced by either an increase in quartz cementation or intense chemical compaction.
As a result, diagenesis is a key parameter that needs to be understood in order to successfully evaluate the reservoir potential of porous sandstones for geothermal and hydrocarbon exploration. Our workflow enables reservoir quality assessment in a system considering detritus, authigenic quartz and clay minerals. Reservoir-quality prediction modelling is currently developed towards more complex sedimentary and structural systems.