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Hydrocarbon Reservoirs in Azerbaijan in Relation to Faulting and Mud Volcanism

Merz, Lena; Huseynova, Ayten; Babayev, Elbay; Hilgers, Christoph

Abstract (englisch):

Understanding the mechanisms of mud volcanism is critical for oil and gas exploration in Azerbaijan, as well as in other countries where this natural phenomena is abundant, e.g. in Iran or Indonesia. Whereas location and geochemistry of mud volcanoes is well studied and recorded (Institute of Geology and Geophysics (ANAS) et al., 2015), geological and tectonic influences on mud volcanism are poorly studied so far. However, faults and fracture networks are crucial in understanding the migration pathways and environmental impact of mud volcanism. Such information can be used for reservoir characterization and safe well planning in hydrocarbon exploration, but also for a risk assessment in groundwater and soil use. The WNW-trending Greater Caucasus fold- and thrust-belt with S-SSW verging folds and associated thrusts is formed by ongoing collision of the Arabian plate with Eurasia (e.g. Narimanov, 1993; Devlin et al., 1999; Saintot et al., 2006). Recent tectonic stress is oriented NNE with a movement of c. 10 mm/year (Bonini and Mazzini, 2010). It is assumed that mud volcanoes are related to structural hydrocarbon traps in anticlines formed by the thick Productive series of Neogene age, that is also the main oil and gas reservoir in Azerbaijan (e.g. ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften (AGW)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Poster
Publikationsjahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000126730
Veranstaltung DGMK/ÖGEW Frühjahrstagung "Shaping the Energy Transitionwith Upstream and Storage Technologies" (2019), Celle, Deutschland, 25.04.2019 – 26.04.2019
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