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Utilizing Concept Drift for Measuring the Effectiveness of Policy Interventions: The Case of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Baier, Lucas; Kühl, Niklas; Schöffer, Jakob; Satzger, Gerhard

As a reaction to the high infectiousness and lethality of the COVID-19 virus, countries around the world have adopted drastic policy measures to contain the pandemic. However, it remains unclear which effect these measures, so-called non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs), have on the spread of the virus. In this article, we use machine learning and apply drift detection methods in a novel way to predict the time lag of policy interventions with respect to the development of daily case numbers of COVID-19 across 9 European countries and 28 US states. Our analysis shows that there are, on average, more than two weeks between NPI enactment and a drift in the case numbers.

Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000126905
Veröffentlicht am 30.11.2020
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Wirtschaftsinformatik und Marketing (IISM)
Karlsruhe Service Research Institute (KSRI)
Publikationstyp Forschungsbericht/Preprint
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000126905
Verlag Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Schlagwörter COVID-19, pandemic, non-pharmaceutical interventions, concept drift, design science research
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
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