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Effects of the built environment on physical activity: a systematic review of longitudinal studies taking sex/gender into account

Tcymbal, Antonina; Demetriou, Yolanda; Kelso, Anne; Wolbring, Laura; Wunsch, Kathrin; Wäsche, Hagen; Woll, Alexander; Reimers, Anne K.

Abstract:
Background
Individual health behavior is related to environmental and social structures. To promote physical activity (PA) effectively, it is necessary to consider structural influences. Previous research has shown the relevance of the built environment. However, sex/gender differences have yet not been considered. The aim of this systematic review was to identify built environmental determinants of PA by taking sex/gender into account.

Methods
A systematic literature search was carried out using six electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, SportDiscus, PsycInfo, Scopus, Web of Knowledge) to identify studies analyzing the effect of changes in the built environment on PA, taking sex/gender into account. To be included, studies had to be based on quantitative data and a longitudinal study design. Changes in the built environment had to be objectively assessed. The methodological quality of the studies was examined using the QualSyst tool for examining risk of bias.

Results
In total, 36 studies published since 2000 were included in this review. The data synthesis revealed that the majority of reviewed studies found the built environment to be a determinant of PA behavior for both, males and females, in a similar way. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000127658
Veröffentlicht am 14.12.2020
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1342-078X, 1347-4715
KITopen-ID: 1000127658
Erschienen in Environmental health and preventive medicine
Verlag BioMed Central (BMC)
Band 25
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 75
Schlagwörter Health equity, Active transport, Active commuting, Men, Women, Built environment, Physical activity, Gender
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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