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Chemical Reactivity of Supported ZnO Clusters: Undercoordinated Zinc and Oxygen Atoms as Active Sites

Yu, Xiaojuan; Roth, Jannik P.; Wang, Junjun; Sauter, Eric; Nefedov, Alexei; Heißler, Stefan; Pacchioni, Gianfranco; Wang, Yuemin; Wöll, Christof

Abstract:
The growth of ZnO clusters supported by ZnO‐bilayers on Ag(111) and the interaction of these oxide nanostructures with water have been studied by a multi‐technique approach combining temperature‐dependent infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS), grazing‐emission X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and density functional theory calculations. Our results reveal that the ZnO bilayers exhibiting graphite‐like structure are chemically inactive for water dissociation, whereas small ZnO clusters formed on top of these well‐defined, yet chemically passive supports show extremely high reactivity ‐ water is dissociated without an apparent activation barrier. Systematic isotopic substitution experiments using H$_{2}$$^{16}$O/D$_{2}$$^{16}$O/D$_{2}$$^{18}$O allow identification of various types of acidic hydroxyl groups. We demonstrate that a reliable characterization of these OH‐species is possible via co‐adsorption of CO, which leads to a red shift of the OD frequency due to the weak interaction via hydrogen bonding. The theoretical results provide atomic‐level insight into the surface structure and chemical activity of the supported ZnO clusters and allow identification of the presence of under‐coordinated Zn and O atoms at the edges and corners of the ZnO clusters as the active sites for H$_{2}$O dissociation.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000127681
Veröffentlicht am 16.12.2020
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Funktionelle Grenzflächen (IFG)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1439-4235, 1439-7641
KITopen-ID: 1000127681
Erschienen in ChemPhysChem
Verlag Wiley
Band 21
Heft 23
Seiten 2553-2564
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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