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Progress in thermal management and safety of cells and packs by testing in battery calorimeters

Ziebert, Carlos; Uhlmann, Nils; Rohde, Magnus; Seifert, Hans Jürgen

Abstract (englisch):
With increasing energy density the safety and the thermal management of Li-ion batteries is becoming more and more important, because the thermal runaway can cause an ignition or even explosion of the battery with simultaneous release of toxic gases. In the last nine years we have established battery calorimetry as a powerful and versatile electrochemical-thermal characterization technique, which allows both advancements for the thermal management and the safety of batteries. With six adiabatic Accelerating Rate Calorimeters (ARC) of different sizes and two sensitive Tian-Calvet calorimeters, all of them combined with cyclers, the IAM-AWP now operates Europe’s largest battery calorimeter center, which enables the evaluation of thermodynamic, thermal and safety data on material, cell and pack level under quasiadiabatic and isoperibolic environments for both normal and abuse conditions (thermal, electrical, mechanical). It will be shown how sophisticated battery calorimetry allows finding new and quantitative correlations between different critical thermally and safety related parameters that will help to design safer systems. For an optimized design with regard to safety cells and packs have to be characterized not only for their temperature behavior but also for the heat dissipation and the pressure development in a quantitative manner.
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Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000127704
Veröffentlicht am 14.12.2020
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Angewandte Werkstoffphysik (IAM-AWP)
Publikationstyp Vortrag
Publikationsdatum 04.10.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000127704
HGF-Programm 37.01.02 (POF III, LK 01) Components and Cells
Veranstaltung Pacific Rim Meeting on Electrochemical and Solid State Science (PRiME 2020), Honolulu, HI, USA, 04.10.2020 – 09.10.2020
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