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Interaction of Polyoxometalates and Nanoparticles with Collector Surfaces—Focus on the Use of Streaming Current Measurements at Flat Surfaces

Lützenkirchen, Johannes; Darbha, Gopala Krishna; Chakravadhanula, Venkata Sai Kiran; Redel, Engelbert; Selmani, Atiđa; Vayssières, Lionel

Abstract:
Streaming current measurements were used to study the interaction of polyoxometalates (POMs) and nanoparticles (NPs) with flat surfaces as an alternative, innovative approach to infer POM and NP properties of potential sparse material in terms of charge and magnitude. With respect to POMs, the approach was able to reveal subtle details of charging properties of +7 vs. +8 charge at very low POM concentrations. For NPs, the sign of charge and even the zeta-potential curve was retrieved. Concerning NPs, mutual interaction between TiO$_{2}$ and SiO$_{2}$ surfaces was studied in some detail via macroscopic measurements. Post-mortem analysis of samples from electrokinetic studies and separate investigations via AFM and HRTEM verified the interactions between TiO$_{2}$ NPs and SiO$_{2}$ collector surfaces. The interactions in the SiO$_{2}$/TiO$_{2}$ system depend to some extent on NP morphology, but in all our systems, irreversible interactions were observed, which would make the studied types of NPs immobile in natural environments. Overall, we conclude that the measurement of streaming currents at flat surfaces is valuable (i) to study NP and POM collector surface interactions and (ii) to simultaneously collect NPs or POM (or other small mobile clusters) for further (structural, morphological or release) investigations.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000127972
Veröffentlicht am 23.12.2020
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.3390/colloids4030039
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2504-5377
KITopen-ID: 1000127972
HGF-Programm 43.22.01 (POF III, LK 01) Functionality by Design
Erschienen in Colloids and interfaces
Verlag MDPI
Band 4
Heft 3
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 39
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 08.09.2020
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